This post is part of a series about the World War II experience of my maternal grandfather, Lt. Harold Wesley “Jerry” Patrick. He served as a B-17 navigator with the 8th Air Force 457th Bombardment Group, 749th Squadron, which was based at Glatton Air Force Base in England.
On this sortie, “the field order was the same as before,” according to this narrative account of the mission published on the 457th Bomb Group Association’s website. “Bomb Allach if weather permits. Bomb Munich if clouds obscure the ground.”
The weather dictated the second option. The planes flew above the clouds and dropped their “bombs … from 27,000 feet” on Munich. The narrative stated that this high altitude guaranteed “that the bombs landed in the center of the city.”
It is useful to note that there were at least two main factories commonly referenced as “Allach” during this time. The target of these bombing missions, as noted in a previous post, was the Allach facility owned by BMW that was strategically important as a manufacturer of aircraft parts. Another Allach factory produced porcelain items and was run by the SS. Both factories relied on labor by prisoners held at the Dachau concentration camp. Please see the links here for additional information.
The image above is a detail from a map called “World War 2 in the North Sea.”
Source: Washington, D.C. : Distributed by the Educational Services Section, Bureau of Naval Personnel, Navy Dept., . Accessed online through the Library of Congress website: http://lccn.loc.gov/2013593061